U.S. Maritime Port Activity and Landside Traffic Delay Per Traveler in Surrounding Urban Area: 2003
|Ranked by port calls by all vessel types||Port||State||Port calls and capacity by all vessel types||Overall maritime cargo tonnage (domestic and international)||Landside annual traffic delay per traveler in surrounding urban area**|
|Calls||Capacity (dwt, millions)||Total short tons (millions)||Rank by tonnage||Hours of delay||Rank|
|1||Los Angeles/Long Beach||CA||5,130||265||121||4||93||1|
|5||San Francisco Bay Area Ports1||CA||3,623||184||41||20||72||2|
|6||Philadelphia/Delaware River Ports2||PA||2,486||141||101||5||38||27|
|12||Columbia River Ports4||OR||1,505||54||46||17||39||26|
KEY: dwt = deadweight tons; NA = Not available in the Texas Transportation Institute 2005 Annual Mobility Study.
*Annual delay per Traveler = Extra travel time for peak period travel during the year divided by the number of travelers who begin a trip during the peak period (6 to 9 am and 4 to 7 p.m.). These are compared to free-flow speeds (60 mph on freeways and 35 mph on principal arterials).
1 San Francisco Bay Area Ports (Oakland, Redwood City, Richmond, San Francisco, and Stockton)
2 Philadelphia/Delaware River Ports (Philadelphia, Paulsboro, Marcus Hook, Camden-Gloucester, Chester, and Wilmington)
3 Virginia Ports (Norfolk, Richmond, and Newport News)
4 Columbia River Ports (Portland, Longview, Vancouver, and Kalama)
SOURCES: U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Innovative Technology Administration, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, based on: Ports calls data: Maritime Administration, Ports Calls Data, at www.marad.dot.gov as of May 23, 2007. Cargo weight data: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce Statistics Center, at http://www.iwr.usace.army.mil/ndc/wcsc/wcsc.htm as of May 23, 2007.
- Traffic bottlenecks on the landside transportation system serving the nation's seaports impact the ports' performance and efficient movement of goods.
- In 2003, the most recent year for which data on both port freight activity and landside traffic delay are available, the top seaports ranked by port vessel calls were the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach. The Los Angeles-Long Beach metropolitan area was also the top ranked urban area in terms of annual traffic delay per traveler, averaging about 93 hours of delay in 2003.
- Growing traffic delays on the access routes serving the nation's largest seaports combined with the rising volumes of inbound and outbound cargo may result in increased congestion in the surrounding communities.